Âvâz-e Bayât-e Tork in Pish-Radif

– In the following table, all the Dângs and Pângs of the open Gushehs in Âvâz-e Bayât-e Tork are notated.
– Each of the Dângs and Pângs are played on Târ.
– In some Gushehs we go to higher notes during the descending movement (Forud) which are not considered as part of the Dâng or Pâng of that Gusheh.
Pish-Radif includes all the open Gushehs of each Dastgâh and Âvâz, while each lesson is only based on one closed Gusheh which is introducing all the musical atmospheres of all the open Gushehs as one of the eleven lessons of Pish-Radif.

Legend:
S = Not-e Shâhed (Central note)
I = Not-e Ist (Final note)
IM = Not-e Ist-e Movaghat (Temporary final note)
In some cases, one note is used as S and I

Âvâz-e Bayât-e Tork in Three Different Vocal Radifs

– In the following tables, we have all the open and closed Gushehs from three vocal Radifs of three master musicians, Hassan Kassâie, Mahmoud Karimi and Abdollah Davâmi.
– In different Radifs, there may be more than one Darâmad and most of the times, they are labeled as first, second, etc., But sometimes based on the melodic contour of them, they adopt a new name or an adjective that refers to their relative Gusheh.

Notes:
Âvâz-e Bayât-e Tork and Âvâz-e Bayât-e Isfahân are two more complex Âvâzes among the five Âvâzes of classical Persian music.
– There are many similarities between Âvâz-e Bayât-e Tork and Dastgâh-e Mâhur and they have two main common open Gushehs, Feyli and Shekasteh. Because of these similarities between these two systems we can see that Ostâd Kassâie has added some other Gushehs of Dastgâh-e Mâhur to Âvâz-e Bayât-e Tork in his Radif like Goshâyesh, Hessâr-e Mâhur or Pass-Mâhur, Delkash, Râk… which are not in the Radifs of two other Ostâds.
– In each system of Dastgâh or Âvâz some closed Gushehs are known just by their traditional melodic patterns, not their specific poetic rhythms like Ashirân, Do-Gâh and Ruh-ol Arvâh in Darâmad and Ghara-Bâghi in Jâmeh-Darân of Bayât-e Tork. Because of this reason master musicians perform these Gushehs by singing a line or two lines of the same Ghazal which they have chosen to sing the open Gushehs of that system and add the traditional melodic pattern of that closed Gusheh as a Tahrir or ornamentation.

Open Gushehs of Âvâz-e Bayât-e Tork

Pish-Radif
5 Gushehs
Radif-e Ney of
Kassâie
6 Gushehs
Vocal Radif of
Kassâie
5 Gushehs
Radif of Karimi
5 Gushehs
Radif of Davâmi
Tar M.R. Lotfi
3 Gushehs
Darâmad

Darâmad 1st-2nd

Jâmeh-Darân
Feyli Feyli or Panj-gâh
Shekasteh
Forud az Jâmeh-Darân …………………………….
Goshâyesh or Râst
Goshâyesh
……………………………. ……………………………. Delkesh
……………………………. …………………………….
Closed Gushehs and Their Poetic Rhythms of Âvâz-e Bayât-e Tork

Pish-Radif
1 Gushehs
Radif-e Ney of Kassâie
19 Gushehs
Vocal Radif of Kassâie
12 Gushehs
Radif of Karimi
7 Gushehs
Radif of Davâmi
Tar M.R. Lotfi
6 Gushehs
Shahâbi
Ta Tan Tan Tan (2x) /
Ta Tan Tan

 
Shirin-o Farhâd or Shahâbi
Ta Tan Tan Tan (2x) /
Ta Tan Tan
Shahâbi
Ta Tan Tan Tan (2x) /
Ta Tan Tan

Shahâbi
Ta Tan Tan Tan (2x) /
Ta Tan Tan

Ashirân
Instrumental
…………………………….
……………………………. ……………………………. ……………………………. Second Darâmad
Ta Tan Ta Tan / Ta Ta Tan Tan /
Ta Tan Ta Tan / Tan Tan

…………………………….
Dâd
Ghara-Bâghi
Traditional Melodic Pattern
Majles-Afruz
Instrumental
Majles-Afruz
Instrumental
Do-Gâh
Tan Tan / Ta Tan Ta Tan /
Ta Ta Tan Tan / Ta Tan Ta Tan

Do-Gâh
Tan Tan / Ta Tan Ta Tan /
Ta Ta Tan Tan / Ta Tan Ta Tan

Do-Gâh
Tan Tan / Ta Ta Tan Tan /
Ta Ta Tan Tan / Ta Ta Tan Tan

Do-Gâh
Ta Tan Ta Tan / Ta Ta Tan Tan /
Ta Tan Ta Tan / Tan Tan

Ruh-ol Arvâh
Tan Tan / Ta Ta Tan Tan /
Ta Ta Tan Tan / Ta Ta Tan Tan

Ruh-ol Arvâh
Tan Tan / Ta Ta Tan Tan /
Ta Ta Tan Tan / Ta Ta Tan Tan

Ruh-ol Arvâh
Ta Tan Ta Tan / Ta Ta Tan Tan /
Ta Tan Ta Tan / Tan Tan

Ghatâr
Tan Tan / Ta Ta Tan /
Ta Tan Ta Tan / Tan Ta Ta Tan


Ghatârband
Ghatâr
Tan Tan / Ta Ta Tan /
Ta Tan Ta Tan / Tan Ta Ta Tan

Ghatâr
Tan Tan / Ta Ta Tan Tan /
Ta Ta Tan Tan / Ta Ta Tan Tan

Ghatâr
No Poem
Gharâie
Tan Tan / Ta Ta Tan Tan /
Ta Ta Tan Tan / Ta Ta Tan Tan

Mehrabâni or Behbahâni
Ta Tan Tan Tan (4x)

Tarâneye-Mehrabâni
Mehrabâni
Ta Tan Tan Tan (4x)
Mehrabâni
Ta Ta Tan Ta Tan (4x)
Keykâvusi or Takht-e Tâghdis
Mehdi Zarâbi
Hessâr-Mâhur or
Pass-Mâhur
Hessâr-Mâhur or
Pass-Mâhur
Shekasteh

Masnavi-e Shekasteh
Neyriz
Neyriz
Reng-e Râk-e Abdollâh
Zarbi-e Râk
Râk-e Abdollâh
Râk-e Abdollâh
Hazin
Tork-e Khasteh
Masnavi
Tan Ta Tan Tan (2x) /
Tan Ta Tan

Masnavi
Tan Ta Tan Tan (2x) /
Tan Ta Tan

Masnavi
Tan Ta Tan Tan (2x) /
Tan Ta Tan

Masnavi
Tan Ta Tan Tan (2x) /
Tan Ta Tan