Pish-Radif (Pre-Radif)

Pish-Radif is comprised of eleven lessons designed by Ostâd Omoumi to introduce the main musical structures of classical Persian music systems in a short time by working on eleven of the twelve complex systems in Radif.

These systems fall into three categories, or Sardastgâhs, to quote Master Kassâie, namely, Shur, Homâyun, and Mâhur. These categories are of relatively more importance, and each category has its own subcategories. For example, the Shur category is itself divided into three Dastgâhs, namely, Shur, Navâ and Segâh, as well as four Âvâzes: Bayât-e Tork, Abu-Atâ, Afshâri, and Dashti.

Because of the four Âvâzes derived from Shur, it is the biggest category among the three Sardastgâhs. The second category, i.e., Homâyun, is made up of two Dastgâhs (Homâyun and Châhârgâh) and one Âvâz (Bayât-e Isfahân). Mâhur is the third category and is comprised of two Dastgâhs, namely, Mâhur and Râst va Panjgâh.

There are no specific lesson plans for Râst va Panjgâh in Pish-Radif, as this Dastgâh, with a few exceptions, contains selections of other Dastgâhs, and is thus the last Dastgâh to be studied by advanced learners mastering the classical Persian music.

The lessons in Pish-Radif are based on the traditional Radif performed by great masters of classical Persian music. Students begin these lessons by studying the pronunciation and meaning of specific poems, and their relationship to the Radif’s traditional melodic patterns. They will then become familiar with the main musical atmospheres of the classical Persian music and how they relate to one another, by reciting and singing these poems in specific melodic patterns based on Radif in a systematic arrangement, i.e., Pish-Radif.